|-a||–all||List all files, even those with names that begin
with a period, which are normally not listed
|-d||–directory||Ordinarily, if a directory is specified, ls will
list the contents of the directory, not the
directory itself. Use this option in
conjunction with the -l option to see details
about the directory rather than its contents.
|-F||–classify||This option will append an indicator character
to the end of each listed name. For example,
a “/” if the name is a directory.
|-h||–human-readable||In long format listings, display file sizes in
human readable format rather than in bytes.
|-l||Display results in long format.|
|-r||–reverse||Display the results in reverse order.
Normally, ls displays its results in ascending
|-S||Sort results by file size.|
|-t||Sort by modification time.|
Long display fields: file, rights, number of hard links, user name of the files owner, name of the group which owns the file, file size, timestamp of last modification, file name
access rights; -rw-r–r–
- first letter: -=regular file, d=dir, l=link
- next three chars are access rights of the owner, then group user and then everyone else